PandaLabs have released their predictions for IT security in 2015, based on reports and attacks in 2014.
This type of malware was in the spotlight in 2014, and these types of attacks are set to increase in 2015.
CryptoLocker operates in straightforward fashion: Once it gets into a computer, it encrypts all types of documents that could be valuable to the user (spreadsheets, documents, databases) and blackmails the victim into paying a ransom to recover the files. This type of malware is also known as ransomware.
Payment is most often demanded in bitcoins, so that it cannot be traced by the police, making this type of attack ideal for cyber-criminals – as many users choose to pay in order to recover the “hijacked” information.
A small percentage of the millions of new malware strains that appear every month are specifically created to attack previously defined targets. These attacks, known as targeted attacks, are becoming more common and will be highly significant during 2015.
Many companies are unaware that they could be the targets of such attacks and therefore do not have appropriate measures for detecting or stopping them.
In 2014 we saw an increase in attacks on the POS terminals in retail stores.
Cyber-criminals are attacking these terminals and consequently stealing the credit card details of customers. Paying by card is starting to pose a greater threat all around the world and the number of people that fall victim to this type of attack is set to increase during 2015.
Internet of Things
The number of internet-enabled devices is increasing dramatically, devices such as smartphones, tablets, phablets, printers and computers to name a few.
Majority of these devices are connected to the internet, making them a highly vulnerable target for cyber-criminals. Some of these devices such as; printers, routers and others are rarely updated. As a result, as soon as a security flaw is found in the software, the device becomes vulnerable to attacks. To make matters worse, these devices are connected to internal networks, home or corporate – making them ideal entry points to carry out wider attacks.
Smartphone attacks or more specifically attacks on devices running Android, are going to reach new heights in 2015. The complexity of these attacks is also set to increase, with a single goal in mind – to steal data.
We store a growing amount of data on our smartphones and cyber-criminals will stop at nothing to gain this information.
Although malware on cell phones was somewhat few and far between, more malware for Android appeared in 2014 than any mobile device ever.
It seems that in 2015 these threats will skyrocket, and consequently the number of victims will also increase. Therefore the use of antivirus products for mobile devices will become prudent.
View the full report here.