PandaLabs have released their predictions for IT security in 2015, based on reports and attacks in 2014.
This type of malware was in the spotlight in 2014, and these types of attacks are set to increase in 2015.
CryptoLocker operates in straightforward fashion: Once it gets into a computer, it encrypts all types of documents that could be valuable to the user (spreadsheets, documents, databases) and blackmails the victim into paying a ransom to recover the files. This type of malware is also known as ransomware.
Payment is most often demanded in bitcoins, so that it cannot be traced by the police, making this type of attack ideal for cyber-criminals – as many users choose to pay in order to recover the “hijacked” information.
A small percentage of the millions of new malware strains that appear every month are specifically created to attack previously defined targets. These attacks, known as targeted attacks, are becoming more common and will be highly significant during 2015.
Many companies are unaware that they could be the targets of such attacks and therefore do not have appropriate measures for detecting or stopping them.